The co-occurrence of mental illness and substance abuse problem is called dual diagnosis. A wide range of psychosocial issues and numerous interacting illnesses can be experienced by an individual who has dual diagnosis.A person’s physical, psychological, social and spiritual aspects are all affected when one faces dual diagnosis. It must be taken into account that an individual who has dual diagnosis doesn’t have two separate illnesses. These two illnesses interact with each other. There is a big tendency for the illnesses to intensify and every disorder is inclined to relapse to the other one. One of the problems of dual diagnosis is the overlapping and the masking of the symptom’s illnesses because it proves difficult for treatment.
There are many theories that attempt to explain dual diagnosis. The causality theory is one of them. Causality theory proposes that there are types of substance abuse that leads to having mental illnesses. Example of this is the use of marijuana and the development of psychosis which has evidences of casual links. Another theory is the multiple risk factor theory. Multiple risk factor theory explains that there are hazardous factors that direct to getting dual diagnosis. Examples of these hazardous factors are link with people who utilizes drugs, people who are lonely and in poverty. There is also an additional theory known as the super sensitivity theory. It explains that there are individuals with intense mental illness who has psychological or biological vulnerabilities. This vulnerability is being caused genetically and environmentally. These vulnerabilities can result in getting a psychiatric disorder. This attempts to explain dual diagnosis in terms of treating the psychotic disorder using anti-psychotic drugs. These anti-psychotic drugs will in the long run create a tolerance in the individual’s body. This would then result to dual diagnosis.
Dual diagnosis poses many problems. One of the main problem is only one illness is identified in most cases of dual diagnosis resulting to a lack of treatment. The defiance which is almost always present in different cases is also a problem. These build therapists and psychiatrists to have a difficult time recognizing dual diagnosis and make them recommend treatments that would only provide a little help.
It creates quite a problem looking for proper treatments for this kind of condition. A person with dual diagnosis would find it hard to locate a treatment center that would help his or her condition recover. A treatment center that accommodates to the problem of substance abuse decline to accept someone with severe mental conditions. On the other hand, a treatment center that helps for the improvement of people with serious mental conditions is not proficient in dealing with people who is afflicted with substance abuse. This really is such a big deal.
The only thing that exists for treatment of individuals with dual diagnosis is by principles. Specialist suggests that the treating of the two co-occurring disorders should not be taken apart but rather should be joined together. There are prescriptions that have been proven to be effective. Examples of these medications are opioid replacement therapies or naltrexone) and clozapine.
Dual diagnosis is a term that can refer to different co-occurring illnesses. One can be depressed and alcoholic, psychotic and cannabis abuser, or can have intellectual disability while at the same time having a mental illness. In the field of psychology, dual diagnosis is quite new which explains the fact of its problems regarding treatment. As day to day progresses, who knows a treatment center might open for the special cases of persons with dual diagnosis.
Dual Diagnosis is popularly known as the co-occurrence of a substance abuse and mental illness.