On of the very dangerous mental disorder is eating disorder. It gives off a lot of medical problems. These medical complications are the following: a slow heart rate, irregular heartbeat, failure, jaundice, taste buds getting impaired, hypoglycemia, dehydration, tetanus, anemia, vulnerability to bleeding, decalcification, decaying of the tooth, amenorrhea, sexual interest decreases, impotence, swelling of the salivary gland, acute expansion of the stomach, constipation, weakness, and hypothermia. As you can see, there is no point in explaining more why eating disorders are very dangerous.
Eating disorder has two types. These two type of eating disorders are called anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa Anorexia nervosa is losing more weight by means of not eating or eating a very little amount for very extensive periods of time. Bulimia nervosa is losing weight by means of controlled eating also called binging. To be diagnosed of having an eating disorder, one should meet a certain criteria.
To be diagnosed of having anorexia nervosa, one should meet the following criteria. This is according to the latest version of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
1. The rejection to preserve body weight at or beyond a minimally normal weight for age and height.
2. Having an strong dread of gaining weight or becoming fat despite being obviously underweight.
3. Distortions in the perception of one’s body weight or shape, unnecessary influence of body weight or shape on self-evaluation, or denial of the seriousness of the present low body weight.
4. For women who have reached menarche, the absence of at least three successive menstrual cycles.
Below are the criteria to be diagnosed of having bulimia nervosa:
1. Having persistent occurrences of binge eating that characterizes the following:
a. Consumption of an amount of food in a discrete period of time that is definitely bigger in amount than most people would intake.
b. During this discrete period, there is a deficient of control over eating.
2. Having continuing inappropriate behaviors in putting off weight gain such as self- induced vomiting; misusing of laxatives, diuretics, enemas, and other medications to induce vomiting; fasting, and excessive exercise.
3. The typical occurrence of binge eating and inappropriate purging behaviors is at least twice a week for three months.
4. The influence of body shape and weight in one’s self- evaluation.
In the present, we are lucky enough that there are important progress happening for eating disorder treatment. There are now a number ways for one to recover from the bad effects eating disorder brings. One of the most effective eating disorder treatments is the use of medications. In decreasing binging and vomiting, tricyclic antidepressants are being used. There are also extra medications such as monoamine oxidase and fluoxetine that are comparable to the effects the tricyclic antidepressants brings. Although on an significant aspect, these drugs have addictive substances. Addiction always starts with the use of drugs that creates tolerance.
Another important and effective way to treat eating disorders is getting the patient into an eating disorder rehab centers. Eating disorder rehab centers are there to provide an institutionalized way of treatment. The patient will be held in in a rehab centers with fellow individuals who also has an eating disorder. The assurance of recovery is present because the physician can monitor and control the patient’s environment.
Going into a rehab is one of the most important and effective way as a treatment for eating disorder.