Cocaine addiction has been a problem ever since. In any society, cocaine can always give off bad effects. It can be a main variable to broke down one’s family. Wariness should always be present. This variety of addiction usually starts from simple things leading to big and complicated problems.
The coca plant is where cocaine has originated. One can use cocaine in many different ways. It can be snorted for its effects to be felt faster. It can also be dissolved in water and be injected intravenously. The use of cocaine produces feelings of euphoria. Repetitions of experiencing the euphoria is what makes people to keep on utilizing this kind of substance.
One can only say a person is cocaine addicted when he or she shows certain indications. These clues can be seen via intoxication symptoms and withdrawal symptoms. Examples of withdrawal symptoms are dysphoric kinds of disposition, being restless, horrid kind of dreams, hypersomnia or insomnia, eating too much, and a very high level of anxiety. On the other hand, convulsions,upper body pains, difficulty of breathing, muscles turning very delicate, weight loss, and changes in the behavior are examples of intoxication symptoms.
As obviously, the thing that is being noticed the most when someone starts to get addictive to a substance is one’s very apparent change in behavior. These behavioral changes can include the following: changes in the way one interacts with people, hypervigilance, hypersensitivity, too much anxiety, and easiness to get angry. This can be summed up as a damaged way of thinking.
These changes in behavior due to the use of drug can actually develop to a mental illness. Substance addiction plus a mental illness does actually have a term, dual diagnosis. Dual diagnosis is the co-occurrence of substance abuse problem and a mental disorder. The causality theory of dual diagnosis explain that there are certain types of substances that can lead to a mental disorder. This due to the fact of the effects the substance brings. Example of this is the substance cocaine.
This co-occurrence of a substance abuse problem and mental illness leads to the problem of how to treat an individual suffering this kind of situation. When one has substance abuse problems, he or she is most of the time advised to be put in a center to recover. When one also has mental illness, there are centers that cater to their special needs. However, there are actually no centers that specialize in the treatment of a co-occurrence of a mental disorder and a substance abuse problem. Experts in treating substance abuse problems have little or no idea in treating a person with mental disorder and vice versa.
In the field of psychology, dual diagnosis is quite new which is its treatment only exists by principle. The way in treating substance abuse problems and the way in treating the problem of mental illness should be joined together. The kind of treatment should not be taken apart from each other but like the disease, should co-exist.
Cocaine addiction and mental illness’ symptoms can overlap each other leaving it hard for dual diagnosis to treat easily. There is also the problem of denial. In most cases, a cocaine addict would not own up that he or she is into drugs. The specialist would then conclude that the individual only has a mental illness when in fact, the mental illness is due to his or her use of the drugs. The greatest factor for dual diagnosis is recover is for the affected to really want help. When the affected is the one to ask for help, denial would never be a problem. Thus, recovery is on its way.
Cocaine addiction and dual diagnosis is actually a very big problem because the question of treatment is quite hard to find.