When one hears the word alcohol addiction, immediately a picture of a man will appear in one’s mind. This is how the typecast of alcohol addiction on each society. However, there is now a change in this kind of stereotype as more and more women are having cases of alcohol addiction. However, there’s still a particular stigma about a woman and alcohol addiction. Denial always come with this type of stigma. For a man, it is easier to admit alcohol addiction than for a woman. This is the reason why there is a higher percentage of women than men in terms of death rate.
In terms of the usage of alcohol, women appear to be more vulnerable to many adverse consequences. Regardless of drinking similar quantity of alcohol, women have the capacity to get higher concentrations of alcohol in the blood unlike men. Research also says that women are more vulnerable than men to alcohol-related organ damage and to trauma resulting from traffic crashes and interpersonal violence. In addition, women absorb and metabolize alcohol differently than men. Generally, women have minimal body water than men of the same body weight, so that women achieve higher concentrations of alcohol in the blood after drinking equivalent amounts of alcohol. In addition, women appear to eliminate alcohol from the blood faster than men. This finding may be explained by women’s higher liver volume per unit lean body mass, because alcohol is metabolized almost entirely in the liver.
What damages does alcohol do to women? Compared with men, women develop alcohol-induced liver disease over a shorter period of time and after consuming less alcohol. To add, alcoholic hepatitis and death from cirrhosis are more likely to affect women than men. Animal research suggests that women’s increased risk for liver damage may be linked to physiological effects of the female reproductive hormone estrogen.
Many factors have been associated with women’s vulnerability to alcohol addiction. One is genetic factor.Numerous studies have found out that people who are into alcohol addiction have biological parents who are also suffering from alcohol addiction. To add, antisocial personality (e.g., aggressiveness) in biological parents may foresee alcohol addiction in both male and female adoptees. However, potential links between genetic and environmental influences need to be further studied. Also, outcomes of a big nationwide study show that more than 40 percent of persons who started taking in alcohol before age 15 were diagnosed as alcohol dependent at some point in their lives. Rates of lifetime dependence minimized to roughly 10 percent among those who started drinking at age 20 or older. Physical abuse during adulthood has also been associated with women’s alcohol use and related problems. A certain study has found out that notably more women undergoing alcohol addiction treatment experienced brutal partner violence (e.g., kicking, punching, or threatening with a weapon) compared with other women in the community.
Alcohol addiction in women has more rigorous consequences as compared to alcohol addiction in men